Rhythm & Blues - The Famous R&B
Rhythm and blues, also abbreviated as R&B or RnB, is a popular African-American music genre that initiated in the 1940s. Jerry Wexler of Billboard magazine coined the term "rhythm and blues" in 1947 in the U.S.A, when he was editing the charts and though the current chart names (Race, Sepia, Harlem Hit Parade) were demeaning to blacks. In the beginning the term was used by record companies to describe recordings marketed mostly to urban African Americans, at a time when "urbane, rocking, jazz based music with a heavy, insistent beat" was becoming more popular. During 1950s-1970s, the bands usually consisted of piano, one or two guitars, bass, drums, saxophone, and sometimes accompanied by background vocalists in the commercial R&B music. In the 21st century, the term R&B continues in use (in some contexts) to classify music made by black musicians, as distinct from styles of music made by other musicians.
The phrase rhythm and blues has undergone several shifts in meaning. In lyrics, the phrase has been attested to often use to describe a depressed mood. During 1950s, it was often applied to blues records and as the style of music contributed to the development of rock and roll, the phrase became used to refer to music styles that electric blues, gospel and soul music. By the 1970s, R&B was being used as a blanket term to soul and funk. In the 1980s, "Contemporary R&B", a newer style of rhythm and blues music genre developed which combines elements of rhythm and blues, soul, funk, pop, and (after 1986) hip hop and dance.